|The Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) has the pleasure of inviting you to a seminar in the fall seminar series on Elites, Production and Poverty (EPP):
Competitive Clientelism and Pockets of Efficiency in
Mozambique, Ghana, Tanzania and Uganda
Monday, 5 December 2011, 14.00-16.00
Danish Institute for International Studies
Strandgade 71, ground floor, 1401 Copenhagen K
How and why do ruling elites support productive sector initiatives – and what are the outcomes? This has been the main questions guiding the Elites, Production, and Poverty research on selected productive sectors in Mozambique, Uganda, Ghana, and Tanzania. These four countries have experienced prolonged periods of high growth within the last two decades. However, growth has not been accompanied by a structural transformation of the economy in terms of job creation or productivity increases. Rather, the economies remain caught in low-technology agriculture, with most of the growth being driven by aid and rapidly increasing services sectors. Why has growth not led to more employment and more productivity? The explanations are found in key features of the ruling coalition and the ruling elites in the four countries.
However, under certain conditions it is possible for the state to create pockets of efficiency in specific sectors ― also in competitive clientelist contexts. Ruling elites will support a sector if it helps them to remain in power. Supporting a sector may, in turn, help to fund the ruling coalition, or it may create election support in areas previously hostile to the ruling elite. Supporting a sector may also result from pressure from producers. Such successful cases of state interventions to support productive sector development will also be presented.
The presentation will subsequently be published in an expanded version as a DIIS working paper in the EPP sub-series.
Anne Mette Kjær is Associate Professor at the Department of Political Science, University of Aarhus. She is currently a visiting scholar at the Center for African Studies, University of Florida, and a member of the Elites, Production, and Poverty (EPP) research team. She has done research on public sector reforms, governance, state capacity and local government taxation in Uganda. She has published in journals such asPublic Administration and Development, Public Administration, and Forum for Development Studies.
Lars Buur is Senior Researcher at Danish Institute for International Studies. He is a member of the Elites, Production and Poverty (EPP) research team and is presently based at the Danish Embassy in Maputo in an exchange between DIIS and the RDE. Based on EPP research, he has published “Strategic Privatization: Rehabilitating the Mozambican Sugar Industry” with Carlota Mondlane and Obede Baloi in Review of African Political Economy (2011) and “The White Gold: The role of Government and State in Rehabilitating the Sugar Industry in Mozambique” in the Journal of Development Studies (forthcoming 2012) with Carlota Mondlane and Obede Baloi. A number of other EPP papers are under preparation.
Søren Davidsen is Chief Technical Adviser on governance in Danida. He has worked on governance issues, in particular public sector reform and anti-corruption, in several developing countries and emerging economies. Prior to taking up his assignment with Danida, Søren Davidsen
was governance adviser with the World Bank, working especially on Vietnam and Indonesia.
Ole Therkildsen, Senior Researcher, DIIS
14.05-14.40 Competitive Clientelism and Pockets of Efficiency
in Mozambique, Ghana, Tanzania and Uganda
Lars Buur, Senior Researcher, DIIS
Mette Kjær, Associate Professor, Aarhus University
Søren Davidsen, Chief Technical Adviser, Danida
14.50-15.00 Coffee Break
15.00-16.00 Open Discussion
Chair: Ole Therkildsen, Senior Researcher, DIIS
This is the final of seven seminars in the 2011 EPP Fall Seminar Series. These seminars deal with the conceptual tools needed to understand the political economy of economic growth, job creation and poverty alleviation and how these tools are applied to studies of state interventions in productive sectors in Bangladesh, Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda. The main finding is that it is the motivation of political elites to support state interventions in productive sectors and mutual interests between these elites and producers that matters for good outcomes – rather than good governance, market driven development or empowerment of poor people.
For more information see the EPP research programme.
The seminar will be held in English.
Participation is free of charge, but registration is required. Please use below online registration form no later than Fridag, 2 December 2011 at 12.00 noon.